Allen County vs. Kentucky
Comparative Trends Analysis:
Gross Domestic Product Growth and Change, 2001-2018
Introduction
Allen County:
2018 GDP = $466,577K
2018 Percent of State = 0.2%
Kentucky:
2018 GDP = $208,087,515K
2018 Percent of State = 1.0%
Nationally, GDP (Gross Domestic Product) is widely regarded as the foremost blue-chip barometer for tracking and calibrating the economic performance of the economy nationwide. Like its closely followed national counterpart, the GDP of Allen County is the most comprehensive measure of output of all goods and services produced by labor and property located within Allen County. It is a market valuation of the goods and services-both private and public-produced within a regional economy.
Unlike the widely and frequently reported employment and job numbers that measure labor as one of the units of input into production, GDP is a valuation of the output. Also, while County Personal Income is representative of the "purchasing power" of those that reside within a county, think of Gross Domestic Product as representative of the "producing power" of that county.
For a more detailed and technical explanation of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) by County compiled by the Regional Product Branch of Bureau of Economic Analysis please refer to the A Primer on Local Area Gross Domestic Product Methodology article found on the BEA website.

BEA: Definition

GDP by county is the county counterpart of the Nation's gross domestic product (GDP), the Bureau's featured and most comprehensive measure of U.S. economic activity. GDP by county is derived as the sum of the GDP originating in all the industries in a county.

The statistics of real GDP by county are prepared in chained (2012) dollars. Real GDP by county is an inflation-adjusted measure of each county's gross product that is based on national prices for the goods and services produced within that county. The statistics of real GDP by county and of quantity indexes with a base year of 2012 were derived by applying national chain-type price indexes to the current-dollar GDP-by-county values for the 64 detailed NAICS-based industries for 1997 forward.

The chain-type index formula that is used in the national accounts is then used to calculate the values of total real GDP by county and of real GDP by county at more aggregated industry levels. Real GDP by county may reflect a substantial volume of output that is sold to other counties and regions. To the extent that a county's output is produced and sold in national markets at relatively uniform prices (or sold locally at national prices), real GDP by state captures the differences across states that reflect the relative differences in the mix of goods and services that the counties produce. However, real GDP by county does not capture geographic differences in the prices of goods and services that are produced and sold locally.

United States. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Product Division.
BEA News Release (GDP by State). 2013. Web.
http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/gsp_newsrelease.htm.

BEA: Relation of GDP by county to U.S. Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

An industry's GDP by county, or its value added, in practice, is calculated as the sum of incomes earned by labor and capital and the costs incurred in the production of goods and services. That is, it includes the wages and salaries that workers earn, the income earned by individual or joint entrepreneurs as well as by corporations, and business taxes such as sales, property, and Federal excise taxes that count as a business expense.

GDP is calculated as the sum of what consumers, businesses, and government spend on final goods and services, plus investment and net foreign trade. In theory, incomes earned should equal what is spent, but due to different data sources, income earned, usually referred to as gross domestic income (GDI), does not always equal what is spent (GDP). The difference is referred to as the "statistical discrepancy."

Starting with the 2004 comprehensive revision, BEA's annual industry accounts and its GDP-by-county accounts allocate the statistical discrepancy across all private-sector industries. Therefore, the GDP-by-county statistics are now conceptually more similar to the GDP statistics in the national accounts than they had been in the past.

U.S. real GDP by county for the advance year, 2012, may differ from the Annual Industry Accounts' GDP by industry and, hence NIPA (National Income and Product Account) GDP, because of different sources and vintages of data used to estimate GDP by state and NIPA GDP. For the revised years of 2009-2011, U.S. GDP by county is nearly identical to GDP by industry except for small differences resulting from the GDP-by-county accounts' exclusion of overseas Federal military and civilian activity (because it cannot be attributed to a particular state). The GDP-by-industry statistics are identical to those from the 2012 annual revision of the NIPAs, released in July 2012. However, because of revisions since July 2012, GDP in the NIPAs may differ from U.S. GDP by county.

United States. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Regional Product Division.
BEA News Release (GDP by State). 2013. Web.
http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/gsp_newsrelease.htm.

Allen County Gross Domestic Product, 2002-2018
Current vs. Chained 2012 Dollars (Millions)
Allen County Gross Domestic Product, 2002-2018
Current vs. Chained 2012 Dollars (Millions)
Figure 1.
Figure 1 depicts Allen County's annual gross domestic product over 2002-2018 in current and constant (chained 2012) dollars. Constant dollar measurements remove the effects of inflation. They allow for comparison of changes in the real total good and services output of Allen County over time.
When measured in current dollars, Allen County's GDP increased 59.1%, from $293M in 2002 to $467M in 2018. When measured in constant 2012 dollars to adjust for inflation, it advanced 19.6%, from $359M in 2002 to $430M in 2018.
Real Gross Domestic Product, 2001-2018 (Millions)
Real Gross Domestic Product, 2001-2018 (Millions)
Figure 2.
Figure 2 tracks Allen County's and Kentucky's annual real gross domestic product for the period 2001-2018 to illustrate real gross domestic product patterns over time. During this 18-year period, Allen County's real gross domestic product rose from $376M in 2001 to $430M in 2018, for a net gain of $53M, or 14.2%. In comparison, Kentucky's real GDP advanced from $151,921M in 2001 to $187,216M in 2018, for a net gain of $35,295M, or 23.2%.
Real Gross Domestic Product Indices (2001=100): 2001-2018
Real Gross Domestic Product Indices (2001=100): 2001-2018
Figure 3.
Figure 3 portrays Allen County's real gross domestic product growth in a broader context by offering direct comparisons across time with Kentucky, the United States. The growth indices shown here express each region's real gross domestic product in 2001 as a base figure of 100, and the real gross domestic products in later years as a percentage of the 2001 base figure. This method allows for more direct comparison of differences in real gross domestic product growth between regions that may differ vastly in size.
Allen County's overall real GDP growth was 14.2% over 2001-2018 trailed Kentucky's increase of 23.2%, and fell below the United States' increase of 40.5%.
Gross Domestic Product as a Percent of the Kentucky Total: 2001-2018
Gross Domestic Product as a Percent of the Kentucky Total: 2001-2018
Figure 4.
Another interesting and insightful way of contrasting the gross domestic product growth of Allen County is to trace its individual percentage contributions to Kentucky's statewide gross domestic product over time, as shown in Figure 4. A rising share means a region's gross domestic product grew faster, or declined less, than Kentucky's gross domestic product, while a declining share shows it grew more slowly.
In 2001, Allen County's GDP comprised 0.26% of Kentucky's GDP, while in 2018 it equated to 0.22% thereby yielding a -0.04% share-shift.
   
 
Gross Domestic Product Share-Shift
2018 vs. 2001
 
Share-
Shift*
 
2018
vs.
2001
-0.04%
=
0.22%
-
0.26%
 
   
Allen County Real Gross Domestic Product:
Annual Percent Change, 2002-2018
Allen County Real Gross Domestic Product:
Annual Percent Change, 2002-2018
Figure 5.
Figure 5 shows the short-run pattern of Allen County's real gross domestic product growth by tracking the year-to-year percent change over 2002-2018. The average annual percent change for the entire 17-year period is also illustrated on this chart to provide a benchmark for gauging periods of relative high--and relative low--growth against the backdrop of the long-term average.
On average, Allen County's real GDP grew at an annual rate of 0.93% over 2002-2018. The county recorded its highest growth in 2010 (12.11%) and posted its lowest growth in 2008 (-10.17%). In 2018, Allen County's real GDP grew by 3.76%
Allen County Real Gross Domestic Product:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 2002-2018
Allen County Real Gross Domestic Product:
Annual Percent Change and Decade Averages Over 2002-2018
Figure 6.
Figure 6 again depicts the annual percent change in Allen County's real gross domestic product since 2002, but this time they are displayed with the average growth rate for 2010-2018.
During the 2010s, Allen County's annual real GDP growth rate averaged 2.84%.
Real Gross Domestic Product Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Real Gross Domestic Product Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change by Decade
Figure 7.
Figure 7 compares the decade average growth rates for Allen County noted in the previous graph with the corresponding decade averages for Kentucky and the nation. As the chart reveals, Allen County's average annual real gross domestic product growth and registered above Kentucky's average over the 9 year period of the last decade, 2010-2018 (2.84% vs. 1.42%).
Finally, relative to nationwide real gross domestic product growth trends, Allen County and exceeded the nation over 2010-2018 (2.84% vs. 2.29%).
   
 
Real* Gross Domestic Product Growth:
Average Annual Percent Change
 
 
 
0.93
2.84
3.76
 
1.25
1.42
1.45
 
2.03
2.29
2.93
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Allen County:
Gross Domestic Product, 2001-2018
 
2001
 
306,385
0.982
376,499
100.0
N
0.26
2002
 
293,189
0.938
359,451
95.5
-4.53
0.24
2003
 
297,754
0.944
361,732
96.1
0.63
0.23
2004
 
312,666
0.973
372,948
99.1
3.10
0.23
2005
 
310,789
0.965
370,000
98.3
-0.79
0.22
2006
 
344,001
1.058
405,538
107.7
9.60
0.23
2007
 
362,729
1.058
405,677
107.7
0.03
0.23
2008
 
333,166
0.951
364,415
96.8
-10.17
0.21
2009
 
320,843
0.877
336,228
89.3
-7.73
0.21
2010
 
361,312
0.983
376,954
100.1
12.11
0.22
2011
 
369,117
0.991
379,785
100.9
0.75
0.22
2012
 
383,342
1.000
383,342
101.8
0.94
0.22
2013
 
383,175
0.982
376,294
99.9
-1.84
0.21
2014
 
404,358
1.018
390,137
103.6
3.68
0.22
2015
 
431,359
1.070
410,211
109.0
5.15
0.22
2016
 
448,138
1.103
422,826
112.3
3.08
0.23
2017
 
445,177
1.081
414,250
110.0
-2.03
0.22
2018
 
466,577
1.121
429,841
114.2
3.76
0.22
Source: Calculations by the Kentucky Regional Economic Analysis Project (KY-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2019
REAP_PI_CA1400_2000_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
Kentucky:
Gross Domestic Product, 2001-2018
 
2001
 
117,430,753
0.862
151,920,839
100.0
N
1.11
2002
 
122,193,139
0.883
155,676,385
102.5
2.47
1.12
2003
 
126,970,586
0.903
159,179,808
104.8
2.25
1.11
2004
 
134,194,133
0.927
163,436,225
107.6
2.67
1.10
2005
 
142,649,046
0.957
168,805,151
111.1
3.29
1.09
2006
 
151,006,759
0.983
173,336,600
114.1
2.68
1.09
2007
 
154,531,676
0.975
171,869,324
113.1
-0.85
1.07
2008
 
158,099,015
0.976
172,150,807
113.3
0.16
1.07
2009
 
155,779,712
0.936
165,014,921
108.6
-4.15
1.08
2010
 
164,605,542
0.976
172,044,701
113.2
4.26
1.10
2011
 
169,940,682
0.988
174,136,032
114.6
1.22
1.09
2012
 
176,302,318
1.000
176,302,318
116.0
1.24
1.09
2013
 
182,359,231
1.018
179,389,952
118.1
1.75
1.09
2014
 
186,523,014
1.021
179,989,248
118.5
0.33
1.06
2015
 
191,923,291
1.028
181,323,142
119.4
0.74
1.05
2016
 
195,342,196
1.036
182,618,591
120.2
0.71
1.04
2017
 
200,715,383
1.047
184,540,918
121.5
1.05
1.03
2018
 
208,087,515
1.062
187,215,545
123.2
1.45
1.01
Source: Calculations by the Kentucky Regional Economic Analysis Project (KY-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2019
REAP_PI_CA1400_2000_PSN
 
   

Tip: To augment your analysis click on the column headers in the following table to rank and/or sort the data.

   
 
United States:
Gross Domestic Product, 2001-2018
 
2001
 
10,581,822,000
0.819
13,262,079,000
100.0
N
2002
 
10,936,418,000
0.833
13,493,064,000
101.7
1.74
2003
 
11,458,246,000
0.857
13,879,129,000
104.7
2.86
2004
 
12,213,730,000
0.889
14,406,382,000
108.6
3.80
2005
 
13,036,637,000
0.921
14,912,509,000
112.4
3.51
2006
 
13,814,609,000
0.947
15,338,257,000
115.7
2.85
2007
 
14,451,860,000
0.965
15,626,029,000
117.8
1.88
2008
 
14,712,845,000
0.963
15,604,687,000
117.7
-0.14
2009
 
14,448,932,000
0.939
15,208,834,000
114.7
-2.54
2010
 
14,992,052,000
0.963
15,598,753,000
117.6
2.56
2011
 
15,542,582,000
0.978
15,840,664,000
119.4
1.55
2012
 
16,197,007,000
1.000
16,197,007,000
122.1
2.25
2013
 
16,784,851,000
1.018
16,495,369,000
124.4
1.84
2014
 
17,527,258,000
1.044
16,912,038,000
127.5
2.53
2015
 
18,224,780,000
1.075
17,403,843,000
131.2
2.91
2016
 
18,715,040,000
1.092
17,688,890,000
133.4
1.64
2017
 
19,519,424,000
1.118
18,108,082,000
136.5
2.37
2018
 
20,580,223,000
1.151
18,638,164,000
140.5
2.93
Source: Calculations by the Kentucky Regional Economic Analysis Project (KY-REAP)
with data provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis
November 2019
REAP_PI_CA1400_2000_PN
 
   
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